Aeroengines

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Single row radial.

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V12 engine from Dornier DO-335.

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Dornier DO-335 1944.

 

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Opposed piston flat 12.

 

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Junker Jumo 213 A. The ultimate level of German piston aeroengine development. This liquid cooled inverted V12 sports direct fuel injection and a two stage automatic supercharger with water/methanol injection, twin overhead cams & 4 valves per cylinder.

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A pair of Focke Wulfs utilising the Jumo 213 A.

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Some interesting con-rod arrangements.

 

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The water cooled BMW V1 of 1927 was until the end of the 20’s the most powerfull German aeroengine. It has overhead cams, a dry sump & water/glycol cooling.680 hp @ 1700 rpm.

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The Rolls Royce Merlin III. The first engine in a long development line of high performance aeroengines. This engine went on to power the Spitfire, Hurricane, Lightning, Mustang & Mosquito.

 

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Cams & followers of the Merlin III.

 

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Hurricane with Rolls Royce Merlin Motor.

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The badge engineered Merlin XX by the Packard Motor company, 1942.

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My favourite engine of the lot.. the Mercedes Benz DB601A. From 1941 its got the lotGear driven overhead camsWater/Glycol cooledVariable pressure Supercharger4 valves per cyclinderDirect fuel injectionDry sump

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Close up of valves. Note intake & exhaust are nearly the same size.

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This one ended up in the museum for the rather obvious reason that this big end has gone west at high speed…

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… part of it has exited thru the (now welded) hole in the casing…

 

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…while the little bits have rattled around inside causing all the visible chipping.

 

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The DB 601 went on to power the most fearsome of the Luftwaffes recon & fighter aircraft in the enlarged 603 & 605 formats.

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A cut away of the variable speed supercharger. By contrast the Merlin engine only had a two speed supercharger.

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Between the gearing & the supercharger can be seen the variable drive mechanism.

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The beautifully engineered gear train at the rear of the engine.

 

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The hollow propshaft reduced weight & allowed the use of a fire thru cannon.

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The spur gear off the propshaft for the shaft driven valve train.

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The shaft drive system

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The crown gear driving the cam.

 

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A close up of the valves reveals one lobe per exhaust/inlet. The valves are linked by a yoke allowing the single lobe to actuate both valves.

 

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An ME109 fitted with the DB601 engine.

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Junkers Jumo 222 E, built 1944. A liquid cooled, 24 cylinder (6 rows of 4 cylinders), putting out 2500 hp. This was Germanys most powerfull WWII piston engine but was never but into serial production.

 

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Junkers Jumo 222 E

 

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Junkers Ja 294 ?

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This looks like a Ja 388 which were normally fitted with BMW 801’s

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A cut away of the 28 (yes 28!!) cylinder Pratt & Whitney Wasp Major R-4360, built 1947. It developed 3300 hp and was used in commercial airliners.

 

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